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Planning Commission

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Nov 22

Four Phases of Emergency Management

Posted on November 22, 2017 at 9:11 AM by Michael Stokes

Montgomery County is currently completing a Hazard Mitigation Plan revision to address various types of potential hazard events that could occur within each of the 62 municipalities in the county.  This plan builds upon the previous county hazard mitigation plans prepared in 2007 and 2012.   Mitigation is one of the important steps in the four phase emergency management process which can further protect lives and property in all communities.  When proper planning is done for all phases of emergency management listed below, communities remain safe. 

Mitigation and Prevention involves any activity that prevents an emergency, reduces the chance of an emergency happening, or minimizes the impact of unavoidable emergencies.  Mitigation activities take place in between emergency events and largely make a community more resilient.  Removing or elevating flood prone structures are mitigation activities.

Preparedness includes plans or preparations made to save lives and to help response and rescue operations during various types of emergencies.  Though preparedness plans may be produced at any time, preparedness activities take place before an emergency occurs.  Evacuation is a fundamental preparedness activity for emergencies that have distinct impact areas.

Response measures are taken to save lives and prevent further property damage during an emergency situation. Response activities are also directed through the emergency preparedness plans.  Response activities that are often coordinated through the county emergency operations center during an emergency could include rescue.

Recovery actions are performed to enable a community to return to a normal or an even safer condition following an emergency.  Recovery actions often require various types of resources for infrastructure repair, housing replacement, social services, and economic redevelopment.   The first phase of recovery focuses on cleanup and emergency repair.

Every municipality has important planning and implementation roles in all emergency management phases.   The local government level is the most important in the development of emergency management plans because local governments serve as the link between their residents and the County, State and Federal agencies in the emergency management network. Yet, emergency management can only work effectively when residents remain aware of local hazards and cooperate with local, County, State and Federal government during emergency events. Voluntary organizations also play a vital role before, during, and after disasters. 

four_phases_logo
The four phases of emergency management are part of a continual process

Flooded car
Floods can occur in several locations in the county

Blizzard
Winter blizzards can impact the entire county

Sinkhole
Sinkholes can open up suddenly in portions of the county with Limestone



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