Ebola Virus Disease (EVD)

What is Ebola Virus Disease (EVD)?
As the largest Ebola epidemic in history will likely continue for months in West Africa, the healthcare community, including Public Health, should be prepared for imported cases to the United States. At this time, there are no suspected or confirmed cases of Ebola in Montgomery County.

Ebola virus is the cause of a viral hemorrhagic fever disease. Symptoms include: fever, headache, joint and muscle aches, weakness, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain, lack of appetite, and abnormal bleeding. Symptoms may appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days after exposure to ebola virus though 8-10 days is most common.

Ebola is transmitted through direct contact with the blood or bodily fluids of an infected symptomatic person or though exposure to objects (such as needles) that have been contaminated with infected secretions. It is not airborne, waterborne or foodborne.

On the remote possibility that an ill passenger enters the U.S., CDC has protocols in place to protect against further spread of disease. These include notification to CDC of ill passengers on a plane before arrival, investigation of ill travelers, and, if necessary, isolation. CDC has also provided guidance to airlines for managing ill passengers and crew and for disinfecting aircraft. CDC has issued a Health Alert Notice reminding U.S. healthcare workers of the importance of taking steps to prevent the spread of this virus, how to test and isolate suspected patients and how they can protect themselves from infection.

More information on EVD and the ongoing outbreak can be found at the CDC Ebola Home Page.

Quick Links
MCHD HEALTH ADVISORY: Management of Suspected Ebola Cases in Outpatient Clinical Care Settings - 10/28/14
Ebola Information Sheet
Case Definition for Ebola Virus Disease (EVD)
Health Care Workers – includes infection control, testing, management of patients, etc.
CDC Ebola Newsletter – 12/31/15
CDC Key Messages - 12/31/15
Hospital Checklist for Ebola Preparedness
Tightened Guidance for U.S. Healthcare Workers on Personal Protective Equipment for Ebola
Guidance on PPE To Be Used by Healthcare Workers During Management of Patients with EVD in U.S. Hospitals, Including Procedures for Putting On (Donning) and Removing (Doffing)
How to Talk To Your Child About Ebola
Cleaning and Decontamination

CDC Health Alerts
CDC HAN 363 - EVD Confirmed in US Healthcare Workers in Liberia
CDC HAN 364 - Guidelines for Evaluating US Patients with Suspected EVD
CDC HAN 365 - CDC Ebola Update #1
CDC HAN 366 - Ebola Response Update #2
CDC HAN 367 - CDC Ebola Response Update #3
CDC HAN 368 - CDC Ebola Response Update #4
CDC HAN 371 - Evaluating Patients for Possible Ebola Virus Disease
CDC HAN 372 - Enhanced Airport Entry Screening and Active Post-Arrival Monitoring for People Traveling to U.S. from Mali

PADOH Health Alerts
PA HAN 284 - EVD Confirmed in US Healthcare Workers in Liberia
PA HAN 285 - Guidelines for Evaluating US Patients with Suspected EVD
PA HAN 287 - CDC Ebola Update #1
PA HAN 289 - Advice for Colleges, Universities, and Students about Ebola in West Africa
PA HAN 292 - Evaluating Patients for Possible EVD: Recommendations for Healthcare Personnel and Health Officials
PA HAN 293 - CDC Guidance on PPE To Be Used by Healthcare Workers During Management of Patients With EVD in U.S. Hospitals
PA HAN 296 - Enhanced Airport Entry Screening and Active Post-Arrival Monitoring for People Traveling to the U.S. from Mali