Ebola Virus Disease (EVD)

What is Ebola Virus Disease (EVD)?


Ongoing vigilance, people and resources are essential to contain Ebola in West Africa. Seven documented clusters have occurred following control of the epidemic. Recent outbreaks appear to be related to viral persistence in survivors. Rapid and coordinated efforts are ongoing as CDC maintains a team of 75 staff in the countries affected by the epidemic to build public health capacity and detect and respond to Ebola, and prevent another epidemic. At this time, there are no suspected or confirmed cases of Ebola in Montgomery County.

Ebola virus is the cause of a viral hemorrhagic fever disease. Symptoms include: fever, headache, joint and muscle aches, weakness, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain, lack of appetite, and abnormal bleeding. Symptoms may appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days after exposure to ebola virus though 8-10 days is most common.

Ebola is transmitted through direct contact with the blood or bodily fluids of an infected symptomatic person or though exposure to objects (such as needles) that have been contaminated with infected secretions. It is not airborne, waterborne or foodborne.

On the remote possibility that an ill passenger enters the U.S., CDC has protocols in place to protect against further spread of disease. These include notification to CDC of ill passengers on a plane before arrival, investigation of ill travelers, and, if necessary, isolation. CDC has also provided guidance to airlines for managing ill passengers and crew and for disinfecting aircraft. CDC has issued a Health Alert Notice reminding U.S. healthcare workers of the importance of taking steps to prevent the spread of this virus, how to test and isolate suspected patients and how they can protect themselves from infection.

More information on EVD and the ongoing outbreak can be found at the CDC Ebola Home Page.